Batik or batique is an Indonesian-Malay word and refers to a generic wax-resist dyeing technique used on fabric. The word originates from Malay word for dot or point, "titik" and the Javanese word "amba", meaning ”to write”.
It is found in several countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Iran, and Thailand but is most popular in Indonesia and Malaysia. The island of Java in Indonesia is famous for its batik.
Melted wax is applied to cloth before being dipped in dye. Wherever the wax has seeped through the fabric, the dye will not penetrate. Sometimes several colors are used, with a series of dyeing, drying and waxing steps.
Thin wax lines are made with a tjanting needle, wooden handled tool with a tiny metal cup with a tiny spout, out of which the wax seeps. Other methods of applying the wax onto the fabric include pouring the liquid wax, painting the wax on with a brush, and applying the hot wax to precarved wooden or metal wire block and stamping the fabric.
After the last dyeing, the fabric is hung up to dry. Then it is dipped
in a solvent to dissolve the wax, or ironed between paper towels or
newspapers to absorb the wax and reveal the deep rich colors and the
fine crinkle lines that give batik its character.
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